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KNOW YOUR AMINO’S 2017-09-10T20:23:08+00:00

AMINO ACIDS

Get to know the Amino Acids that make up your supplements.

ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID’S

Benefits

Side Effects

Isoleucine

Isoleucine is a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA). There are three branched-chain amino acids in the body, isoleucine, valine, and leucine, and all of them help promote muscle recovery after exercise. Isoleucine is actually broken down for energy within the muscle tissue.

Consuming a drink containing the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine seems to reduce symptoms of mania. Muscle breakdown. Taking branched-chain amino acids by mouth seems to reduce the breakdown of muscles during exercise. Movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia.

Methionine

Methionine is an amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks that our bodies use to make proteins. Methionine is found in meat, fish, and dairy products, and it plays an important role in many cell functions. Methionine is used to prevent liver damage in acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning.

Some of the possible adverse effects of methionine may include drowsiness, nausea and vomiting. When higher doses of the supplement are consumed, WebMD also reports that the following side effects may occur:

  • Increased tumor growth
  • Brain damage
  • Increased blood levels of homocysteine, which may raise the risk of cardiovascular problems
  • Death

Tryptophan

As with 5-HTP, Fen-Phen also promotes uncontrolled creation of serotonin. Tryptophan, unlike 5-HTP, is an essential amino acid, which the body also uses to create proteins, vitamins (niacin), and enzymes. Tryptophan can be readily converted to 5-HTP as needed, but 5-HTP, on the other hand, cannot replace Tryptophan.

L-tryptophan can cause some side effects such as heartburn, stomach pain, belching and gas, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. It can also cause headache, lightheadedness, drowsiness, dry mouth, visual blurring, muscle weakness, and sexual problems.

Leucine

Branched-Chain Reaction. Leucine, isoleucine, and valine are the three branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) that are highly effective for stimulating skeletal muscle protein synthesis. Interestingly, leucine has much greater power on stimulating protein synthesis compared to any other amino acid.

Consuming a drink containing the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine seems to reduce symptoms of mania. Muscle breakdown. Taking branched-chain amino acids by mouth seems to reduce the breakdown of muscles during exercise. Movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia.

Phenylalanine

As a building block of protein, phenylalanine is changed into tyrosine that helps the brain stay balanced. Deficiencies can effect brain chemicals such as L-dopa, epinephrine and norepinephrine, the thyroid, mood, concentration, memory, appetite and behaviour.

DL-phenylalanine may cause symptoms of anxiety, jitteriness, and hyperactivity in children. Doses higher than 5,000 mg a day may be toxic and can cause nerve damage. High quantities of DL-phenylalanine may cause mild side effects such as nausea, heartburn, and headaches.

Valine

Valine is a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) that works with the other two BCAAs, isoleucine and leucine, to promote normal growth, repair tissues, regulate blood sugar, and provide the body with energy. Valine helps stimulate the central nervous system, and is needed for proper mental functioning.

Consuming a drink containing the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine seems to reduce symptoms of mania. Muscle breakdown. Taking branched-chain amino acids by mouth seems to reduce the breakdown of muscles during exercise. Movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia.

Lysine

L-lysine may help reduce the occurrence of cold sores. … In addition to contributing to protein structure, some L-amino acids, such as lysine, might benefit your health when taken as a dietary supplement.

GI adverse reactions, such as diarrhoea, nausea, and abdominal pain, have been reported with lysine ingestion. A case report described the development of the kidney disorders Fanconi syndrome and tubulointerstitial nephritis associated with lysine supplementation taken over a 5-year period.

Threonine

Threonine is an amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks the body uses to make proteins. Threonine is used to treat various nervous system disorders including spinal spasticity, multiple sclerosis, familial spastic paraparesis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig’s disease).

THREONINE Side Effects & Safety. Threonine is POSSIBLY SAFE when doses of up to 4 grams daily are taken by mouth for up to 12 months. Some people experience minor side effects such as stomach upset, headache, nausea, and skin rash.

Histidine

L-histidine is an essential amino acid and one of the 23 proteinogenic amino acids. It has an imidazole functional group, which is typical for an aromatic amino acid. It is involved in the formation of proteins and influences several of the metabolic reactions in the body.

Histidine is POSSIBLY INEFFECTIVE in :

  • Relieving pain in rheumatoid arthritis
  • Improving anemia associated with a kidney disease or hemodialysis

NON-ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID’S

Benefits

Side Effects

Alanine

L-alanine is a non-essential amino acid and plays a crucial role as a building block of important proteins. Mostly synthesised by the muscle cells from lactic acid it is considered the most important nutrient for the amino acid metabolism in the blood together with L-Glutamine.

Beta-alanine supplementation can cause paresthesia, a potentially uncomfortable but ultimately harmless tingling of the skin that commonly affects the face but has also been reported in the abdomen, chest, and extremities. Paresthesia typically occurs when too great a dose of beta-alanine is taken acutely.

Cysteine

L-cysteine is a semi-essential amino acid. … Glutathione is an important antioxidant and can only be made in the body by L-cysteine. Taurine has many health benefits including increasing mental acuity, detoxification of the liver and maintenance of heart health.

N-acetyl cysteine is LIKELY SAFE for most adults, when used as a prescription medication. It can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea or constipation. Rarely, it can cause rashes, fever, headache, drowsiness, low blood pressure, and liver problems.

Proline

It helps heal cartilage and cushion joints. Proline aids the body in breaking down proteins for use in healthy cells. In conjunction with lysine, another amino acid, proline is a precursor for hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine. The body uses hydroxyproline to make collagen, tendons, ligaments and heart muscle.

Gastric Trouble- Too much proline means high fermentation rates of this amino acid in the intestines. Bacteria break it down and release large amount of gases causing abdominal pain and bloating. In some people nausea and vomiting is also seen.

Arginine

Nitric oxide is a powerful neurotransmitter that helps blood vessels relax and also improves circulation. Some evidence shows that arginine may help improve blood flow in the arteries of the heart. That may improve symptoms of clogged arteries, chest pain or angina, and coronary artery disease.

L-arginine is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken appropriately by mouth, administered as a shot, or applied to the skin, short-term. It can cause some side effects such as abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, gout, blood abnormalities, allergies, airway inflammation, worsening of asthma, and low blood pressure.

Glutamic Acid

A non-essential amino acid is an amino acid that is produced in the body from other substances and the body does not require a dietary intake of glutamic acid. Glutamic acid is mostly metabolized in your brain and this substance is an essential neurotransmitter which is essential for normal, healthy brain function.

Many side effects of monosodium glutamate collectively called “Chinese restaurant syndrome” or “MSG symptom complex” have been reported, but none of them has been scientifically proven: dry mouth, numbness, weakness, palpitations, headache, migraines, “hangover effect”, asthmatic effect and so on.

Serine

Serine is especially important to proper functioning of the brain and central nervous system. Serine helps form the phospholipids needed to make every cell in your body. It is also involved in the function of RNA and DNA, fat and fatty acid metabolism, muscle formation, and the maintenance of a healthy immune system.

Although using serine seldom causes any serious side effects, some of the minor side effects of this amino acid may comprise indigestion, queasiness and insomnia or sleeplessness.

Aspartic Acid

Like any supplement that increases testosterone, DAA may cause certain side effects such as enhanced libido (some people consider this a side effect), elevated aggression levels, acne, larger appetite, and increased hair growth.

Like any supplement that increases testosterone, DAA may cause certain side effects such as enhanced libido (some people consider this a side effect), elevated aggression levels, acne, larger appetite, and increased hair growth. With that in mind, the possible side effects mentioned above are quite uncommon.

Glycine

Glycine is a conditional/non-essential amino acid found in bone broth, meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products and certain beans and veggies. It helps form collagen and gelatin, substances that are important for building connective tissue throughout the body.

Glycine seems to be safe for most people when taken by mouth or applied to the skin. Most people do not experience side effects, although there have been a few reports of nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, and drowsiness.

Tyrosine

By increasing levels of the neurotransmitters Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, and Dopamine, Tyrosine is able to influence a wide range of processes and functions within the body. In particular, these chemicals are involved in functions related to alertness, attention and focus in the brain.

Tyrosine seems to be safe when used in doses up to 150 mg/kg per day for up to 3 months. Some people experience side effects such as nausea, headache, fatigue, heartburn, and joint pain. There isn’t enough information available to know if tyrosine is safe for children to use in medicinal amounts.

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